WILHELM VON HUMBOLDT AND LANGUAGE AS THE "LIVE KNOWLEDGE"

List of sections: 
Language theory
Mounth / Year: 
2016, September
Issue of the journal: 
11
Pages: 
37-40
Type of the article: 
Scientific article
Code: 
U.D.C. 81'23
Abstract: 

Some statements made by W. von Humboldt about the language and the word meaning are considered. Some ideas of scientists further developing his ideas are presented together with the latest results of brain activity investigation, supporting the Humboldt’s ideas of a perceptual basis of the language and the word meaning.

Keywords: 
perceptual foundation of language, word meaning, “live knowledge”
References: 

1. Bodujen de Kurtenje I.A. Izbrannye trudy po obshhemu jazykoznaniju [Selected works on general linguistics]. - Moskva., Publishing AN SSSR, 1963. Vol. 1., pp. 203–221.
2. Vygotskij L.S. Orudie i znak v razvitii rebjonka. [Tool and sign in the development of a child]., Vygotskij L.S. Sobranie sochinenij: v 6-i t. V. 6. [Collected Works: in 6 vol. Vol. 6]., pp. 5–90.
3. Goldberg Je. Upravljajushhij mozg, per. s angl. [The managing brain, translated from English]. – Moskva., 2003. 335 p.
4. Gumboldt V. fon. Izbrannye trudy po jazykoznaniju [Selected works on linguistics]. - Moskva., Progress, 1984. - 398 p.
5. Gumboldt V. fon. Jazyk i filosofija kul'tury., per. s nem. [Language and Philosophy of culture, translated from German]. - Moskva., Progress, 1985. - 452 p.
6. Zhinkin N.I. Rech' kak provodnik informacii [Speech as conductor of information]. - Moskva, Science, 1982. - 157 p.
7. Zalevskaja A.A. Znachenie slova cherez prizmu jeksperimenta: monografija [The word meaning through the prism of an experiment: monograph]. – Tver'., Tver. gos. un-t [Tver State University], 2011. - 240 p.
8. Zalevskaja A.A. Dvojnaja zhizn' znachenija slova. Teoreticheskoe i jeksperimental'noe issledovanie: monografija [The double life of the word meaning. Theoretical and experimental research: monograph]. - Saarbrűcken., Palmarium Academic Publishing, 2012. - 274 p.
9. Zalevskaja A.A. Chto tam – za slovom? Voprosy interfejsnoj teorii znachenija slova: monografija [What is there behind the word? Questions of the interface theory of the word meaning: monograph]. - Moskva.-Berlin., Direkt-Media. 2014. - 224 p.
10. Zalevskaja A.A. Znachenie slova v prostranstve mozga, tela i okruzhenija cheloveka., Slovo i tekst: psiholingvisticheskie issledovanija [The word meaning in the space of the brain, the body and the human environment. Word and text: psycholinguistic research] – Tver'., Tver. gos. un-t [Tver State University], 2014., pp. 31–35.
11. Krushevskij N.V. Ocherk nauki o jazyke., Hrestomatija po istorii russkogo jazykoznanija., pod red. F.P. Filina [Essay about the language science., Chrestomathy on the history of Russian linguistics, edited by F.P. Filin]. - Moskva., Vysshaja shkola [High School], 1973b., pp. 417–433.
12. Leont'ev A.A. Dejatel'nyj um (Dejatel'nost'. Znak. Lichnost') [Active mind (Activity. Sign. Personality)]. – Moskva., Sense, 2001. - 392 p.
13. Leont'ev A.N. Problemy razvitija psihiki [Problems of development of the psyche] 3rd ed. – Moskva., Moscow University Press, 1972. - 575 p.
14. Potebnja A.A. Jestetika i pojetika [Aesthetics and Poetics] - Moskva, Iskusstvo [Art], 1976. - 614 p.
15. Fortunatov F.F. Sravnitel'noe jazykovedenie., Hrestomatija po istorii russkogo jazykoznanija., pod red. F.P. Filina [Comparative linguistics. Chrestomathy on the history of Russian linguistics, edited by F.P. Filin]. - Moskva., High School, 1973, pp. 308–339.
16. Zalevskaya A. Interfacial Theory of Word meaning: Psycholinguistic Approach. - London, UK., IASHE, 2014. - 180 p.